atmospheric-nuclear-weapons-fracking

The peaceful use of atomic weapons… seems like a contradiction if there ever was one.

Following a recent Trump Tweet which made “disturbing comments about the use and proliferation of nuclear weapons,” the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists moved the symbolic Doomsday Clock two-and-a-half minutes closer to midnight (the nearest it’s been since the Cold War).

Once upon a time, though, scientists were less worried about impending doom and more curious about practical applications of nukes’ awesome power.

The program dubbed Operation Plowshare ran from 1961 to 1977 and explored nuclear applications for use in large scale excavation, creating artificial harbors and canals, and stimulating production in tight-oil formations.

Using explosives to improve the release of oil and gas was nothing new at the time. Employing methods such as gunpowder, dynamite, and fluid injection to stimulate wells was already prevalent.

But using nukes, it was thought, would simply give a bigger and more cost-effective bang.

Below are details of three tests which evaluated using nukes to stimulate natural gas wells, or in other terms, the use of “nuclear fracking.”

For reference, the bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan in World War II had a yield of roughly 15 kilotons.

 Project Gasbuggy

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Scientists lower the 13-foot long, 18-inch diameter Gasbuggy nuclear device into a gas well near Farmington, New Mexico. (Image credit: Los Alamos Lab)
  • Date – December 10, 1967
  • Location – Farmington, New Mexico
  • Depth – 4,240 feet
  • Geography – Gas bearing sandstone
  • Yield – 29 kilotons

According to historian Wade Nelson, “The blast created an underground cavern approximately 160 feet in diameter by 333 feet tall.”

“Imagine putting an oversized football field on a stick like a popsicle, pushing it 3,800 feet down into solid rock, and twirling it,” he added.

It was predicted the cavity (lined with molten glass following the explosion) would fill with and then store massive amounts of gas. The cavity buckled, however, and all the produced gas was flared into the atmosphere.

About The Author Zach Koppang

I fancy myself an up-and-coming writer with aspirations of making the American novel great again (just you wait). Until then, I’m running the freelance gauntlet as a means to improve flexibility while forging a mightier pen. My professional writing career began covering oil and gas developments during the up- and down-swing of the U.S. shale revolution. Prior to that, I studied English and mass communications at Minnesota State University Moorhead and received a Certificate in Publishing. I grew up in the greater Seattle area and miss Pacific N.W. summers dearly. Despite residing in North Dakota for over a decade now, I refuse to say I’m from here. Personal passions include photography, live music, and travel. I enjoy taking swims in the ether, as well as speaking in metaphors. Finding balance in life is important, as such, I routinely counter unhealthy levels of cynicism with healthy doses of wit and humor.